A root canal treatment is the process whereby the dentist opens the chamber or canal(s) which holds the dead or dying nerve in the tooth. The dentist cleans and disinfects the canal(s), which used to contain the nerve, and then fills up the area with a specific combination of materials.
A certain number of xrays before, during and after treatment are used to diagnose the condition of the tooth and monitor the progress of the treatment.
Root canal treatment may be recommended if the pulp of the tooth, which is the main source of blood supply, becomes diseased or dead (non vital).
This treatment can provide an effective way of saving a tooth that might otherwise require removal.